Lajeh Seminar, May 10, 2018, Ifpo Amman (Library) – 9.30-11.30 am

Marriages, Displacement, and Representations: Marriage Practices and Discourses among Aid Providers and Refugees in Jordan

Dina Zbeidy

This presentation investigates the discursive and non-discursive practices of problematization of marriage related issues among Palestinian and Syrian refugees in Jordan. UN agencies and other local and international organizations are important service providers for the Palestinian and Syrian residents in Jordan, especially those living in refugee camps. Women and gender issues are a dominant theme in human rights discourse and intervention processes of these organizations in which marriage often occupies a central place. With a focus on the residents of Wihdat, a Palestinian camp set up in East Amman over seventy years ago, I present the effects of the interaction between intervention projects of aid and development organizations, with the residents of Wihdat. I argue that while organizations focus on ‘raising awareness’ of camp residents and lobby for legal reform, basing their interventions on international women and human rights, Palestinians and Syrians navigate marriages based on legality (and legal status and papers), economy (and the specific socio-economic environment of the camp), feelings of belonging, and affect.

I also argue that organizations produce a specific narrative around victimhood and vulnerability in which a victim girl is oppressed by both her patriarchal society, and by harsh socio-economic conditions, that in the case of Syrians are amplified by displacement. These conditions are seen to contribute to problematic forms of marriages (such as early, forced and unregistered). The ethnographic cases presented however, show that vulnerability is an ambiguous and complex experience, and that being vulnerable and having a degree of agency and autonomy are not mutually exclusive.

Dina Zbeidy is a PhD candidate at the University of Amsterdam in the Netherlands. She completed her Bachelor’s Degree in Jerusalem in Social and Political Sciences. In 2010 she received the Fulbright Scholarship to complete a Master’s degree in Anthropology at the University of Columbia in New York. Her MA thesis discusses the construction of Palestinian and Israeli identities in Israel. She is currently part of the ERC-funded ‘Muslim Marriages’ program. Her PhD research focuses on civil society and refugee discourse around marriage in Jordan. She has over eight years of professional experience in NGO work in Palestine and the Netherlands.

Les séminaires MoRéMi et Mondialisations du Lisst accueillent le programme Lajeh – 6 avril 2018

MOBILITÉS, RÉSEAUX, MIGRATIONS (MoRéMi)

Vendredi 6 avril 2018

10h30-12h30

Le Florida Café

(Salle privée au 1er étage, Place du Capitole)

« Les familles transnationales »

Le maintien des liens familiaux dans la migration ne constitue pas en soi un phénomène nouveau, mais la famille transnationale, qui se caractérise a minima par la continuité de contacts étroits entre ses membres dispersés à travers plusieurs pays, n’est devenue que récemment un objet d’études. Virginie Baby-Collin présentera les conditions de l’émergence de cet objet de recherche et ses enjeux tant méthodologiques que scientifiques. Elle prendra appui sur une revue de littérature ainsi que sur des expériences de recherches conduites auprès de familles migrantes dispersées. La communication de Sébastien Roux portera sur l’adoption internationale en France, en Ethiopie et au Vietnam : il démontrera comment l’Etat et la nation se situent paradoxalement au cœur du dispositif idéologique qui autorise, encadre et détermine la construction des familles adoptives. Enfin, Véronique Bontemps et Hala Abu Zaki s’intéresseront aux trajectoires et mobilités de deux familles palestiniennes à partir de Naplouse en Cisjordanie, et du camp de Chatila au Liban. Dans de tels contextes sociopolitiques et juridiques, les circulations et la confrontation aux dispositifs frontaliers sont partie prenante de la vie familiale et révèlent l’organisation de réseaux façonnés par les mobilités.

Intervenant-e-s :

10h30-11h – Virginie Baby-Collin (Pr., TELEMMe, Aix-Marseille Université) : Présentation théorique sur la notion de famille transnationale 

11h-11h30 –  Sébastien Roux (CR, Lisst, Toulouse) : Le familialisme et la sagesse des nations

Pause : 11h30-11h45

11h45 – 12h15 Véronique Bontemps (chargée de recherche CNRS, IRIS) et Hala Abu Zaki (membre associée à l’Institut interdisciplinaire d’anthropologie du contemporain (IIAC) : Familles palestiniennes transfrontalières. Expériences quotidiennes de la dispersion 

Coordination

Fatima Qacha (MCF, Lisst-Cers), David Lagarde (Doctorant, Lisst-Cieu)

Animation du séminaire

Hasnia-Sonia Misssaoui, Lucine Endelstein, Stéphanie Lima, Olivier Pliez, Fatima Qacha, Yann-Philippe Tastevin

Séance organisée dans le cadre du séminaire de l’ANR Lajeh en France https://lajeh.hypotheses.org/

Lajeh Seminar, April 5, 2018, Ifpo Amman – 9.30-11.30 am

Palestinians mobilizations in Syria before and after 2011

Valentina Napolitano, Ifpo

Abstract

During this session, Valentina Napolitano will present the results of a Phd research on Palestinian refugee’s mobilisations in Syria. Her investigations are based on a fieldwork carried out in Yarmuk camp, between 2008 and 2011 but also on interviews conducted in Lebanon (2013) and France (2014) after the beginning of the conflict. She will first present the main socio-economic characteristics of this community. Then, she will focus on the evolution of their mobilisations according to the Syrian context and the Palestinian national movement history. Her presentation will tackle the effects of the war on Palestinians in Syria from a political and social point of view. To do so, she will look at the stance of Palestinian factions toward the conflict in order to give an insight on refugees’ anti-regime mobilisations. She will also assess the process of forced migration of Palestinians refugees toward neighbouring countries and in Europe.

Biography

Valentina Napolitano is a Researcher at the Institut Français du Proche-Orient (Ifpo), her research focus on forced migrations, political violence and social movement in the Middle East, especially in Syria. She studied the history of political commitments and mobilizations among Palestinian refugees in Syria where she carried out fieldwork in Yarmuk camp between 2008 and 2011. Here current researches deal with the dispersion and transformation of family in a context of war and forced migration, through a study of Syrian refugee’s in Jordan. Among here last publications: with Calabrese Chiara (ed.) Violence et militantismeParcours de militants dans le monde arabe, Paris, Editions CNRS/Alpha, 2017.