Sur les routes de l’exil syrien : récits de vie et parcours migratoires des réfugiés de Deir Mqaren

Thèse de David Lagarde en ligne

Géographie, Université de Toulouse le Mirail – Toulouse II

Sous la direction de Denis Eckert et Olivier Pliez

Résumé : En adoptant une approche qualitative et pluridisciplinaire, basée sur l’étude longitudinale des circulations de la population de Deir Mqaren – un village syrien situé entre Damas et la frontière libanaise – cette thèse interroge la dimension réticulaire des mobilités humaines. A travers les récits de vie des réfugiés de cette bourgade et l’analyse de leurs parcours migratoires vers la Jordanie et l’Allemagne, elle décrypte la mécanique des flux au départ de Syrie. Cette recherche invite ainsi le lecteur à déplacer son regard vers des réseaux de lieux et d’acteurs souvent considérés comme marginaux, mais formant pourtant l’ossature des routes de l’exil reliant la Syrie au reste du globe. En plaçant la focale sur les conditions du mouvement des individus, l’intention de cette étude est à la fois de mettre en exergue les imbrications entre les migrations économiques antérieures au conflit et la logique des mouvements actuels de réfugiés ; mais aussi de montrer de manière tangible l’évolution des mécanismes relationnels permettant aux exilés d’accéder à des ressources (informations, mobilité, logement, emploi) en dépit des contraintes structurelles auxquelles ils ne cessent d’être confrontés. Les représentations (carto)graphiques élaborées dans le cadre de cette thèse visent pour leur part à mieux rendre compte du caractère mobile, instable et particulièrement labile de ces dynamiques socio-spatiales.

Abstract : In adopting a qualitative and multidisciplinary approach, based on the longitudinal study of the Deir Mqaren’s inhabitants’ circulations – a Syrian village located between Damascus and the Lebanese border – this thesis questions the “reticular” dimension of human mobility. Through refugees’ narratives and the analysis of their migration journeys to Jordan and Germany, its aims to understand the mechanics of refugee flows from Syria. Thus, this research invites the reader to move his focus towards networks of places and actors often considered as being marginal, despite the fact that they form the “backbone” of the roads of exile liking Syria to the rest of the world. By placing the focal point on individuals’ conditions of movement, the intention of this study is to both highlight the continuum existing between pre-conflict economic migration and the logic of the current refugee movements; and show in a tangible way the evolution of the relational mechanisms allowing exiles to access resources (such as information, mobility, housing, employment) despite the structural constraints they are constantly facing on their way towards safe destinations. The graphic representations developed in the framework of this thesis aim to better reflect the mobile, unstable and particularly labile nature of these socio-spatial dynamics.

International Workshop: « War and families’ transformation in the Middle-East » (25-26/11/2018)

Abstract

Warfare represents a significant, and sometimes permanent, feature for the societies of the Near East countries. How does it influence the family practices and ties? To what extent does the violence, the uncertainty and the economic precariousness redefine the role of the members of the same household? What is the impact of forced migration on the family’s dispersion, fragmentation and reconfiguration? What forms of solidarity and which new ties emerge in these contexts? What is the role of the humanitarian and international organizations in supporting families in conflict situations? These are the main questions treated during this workshop that brings together international researchers in order to reflect collectively about the impact of wars on family’s mutations in the Middle-East.

Organizer

Valentina Napolitano

Date

25-26 November 2018

Location

25 & 26 November : Ifpo, Jabal Amman, Amman

25 November round table at Institut français de Jordanie (Amman,  Jabal Al-Weibdeh)

Contact

admifpo.amman@gmail.com

Programme

Venue: Ifpo, Library

10.00 am -10.15 am

Welcoming

10.15 am -10.30 am

Introduction: Valentina Napolitano (Ifpo-Amman)

10.30 am – 11.30 am

Key note speech: « Family as Politics and Intimacy: Change and Continuity in War and Displacement », Frances Hasso (Duke University)

11.30 am

Coffee break

11.45 am – 12.45 pm  

Panel 1. Everyday Life Under Occupation

Moderator: Flora Yousef (CRESPPA/GTM, Ifpo-TP)

11.45 am – 12.15 pm

« The Raging War: Palestinian Families in Confrontation with Uprooting Policies », Nida Abu Awwad (Birzeit University)

12.15 pm – 12.45 pm

« Living in Gaza: an Anthropology of Daily Life », Elena Qleibo (Ifpo, Amman)

12.45 pm – 2.00 pm

Lunch break (Ifpo)

2.00 pm – 4.15 pm

Panel 2. Political Ruptures/Intimate Ruptures

Moderator: Geraldine Chatelard (Ifpo, Erbil)

#Iraq

2.00 pm – 2.30 pm

« The Family’s Enemy: Pathway and Histories », Asmaa Jameel Rasheed Abunadir (University of Baghdad)

2.30 pm – 3.00 pm

« Marriage at Times of War and Sectarian Conflict », Lucine Taminian (The Academic Research Institute in Iraq)

3.00 pm – 3.15 pm

Coffee break

#Syria/Palestine

3.15 pm – 3.45 pm  

“The Impact of the Syrian Conflict on the Familiar Sphere: Ruptures, Tensions and Reconfigurations”, Napolitano Valentina (Ifpo-Amman)

3.45 pm – 4.15 pm

« Fighting the Prisons of Occupation: Mothers on the Front », Flora Yousef (CRESPPA/GTM, Ifpo, TP)

7.00 pm – 8.00 pm

Round-Table

« Psychological, Economic and Legal Support to Families Affected by Wars. An Insight on Local and International NGO’s Activities in Jordan »

Speakers:

  • Souzan Sami, Co-founder of ARDD
  • Astonia Sami, Collateral Repair Project

Moderator : Valentina Napolitano (Ifpo, Amman)

Venue: Institut français de Jordanie (Amman,  Jabal Al-Weibdeh)

Monday 26 November 2018

Venue: Ifpo, Library

10.00 am – 11.00 am

Panel 3. Transmission, Care and Psychological Support

Moderator: Jalal Al Husseini (Ifpo, Amman)

10.00 am – 10.30 am

« Generation After Generation:  Palestinian Families Under Occupation Struggle for Survival and Mobility » Lamis Abou Nahleh (Birzeit University)

10.30 am – 11.00 am

« Bodies Without Souls: an Ethnographic Investigation of the Psychological Health of Syrian Refugee Women in Irbid », Ruba Al Akash (University of Yarmouk)

11.00 am

Coffee break

11.15 am – 12.45 am

Panel 4. Migration, Dispersion and Reconfiguration

Moderator: Kamel Doraï (Ifpo-Beirut)

11.15 am – 11.45 am  

“Family Structure and Diaspora Among Pre-1948 Palestinian Families of Notables: from Jerusalem to Jordan, the Gulf and Beyond”, Jalal al Husseini (Ifpo-Amman)

11.45 am – 12.15 pm

« The Transformation of the Syrian Society and Family », Khuzama Al Rasheed (The Academic Research Institute in Iraq)

12.15 pm – 12.45 pm

« Palestinian Families in Diaspora/exile: Various Models of Dispersion and Reconfiguration »,

Hadeel Fawadleh (Birzeit University, ACSS)

12.45 am – 1.00 pm

Collective Conclusions, Research Avenues and Publication

Moderator: Valentina Napolitano

1.00 pm

Lunch break (Ifpo)