New publication – Refugees as City-Makers (AUB)

A collection of essays co-edited by M. Fawaz, A. Gharbieh, M. Harb and D. Salamé.

Below the links to both English and Arabic versions of the AUB Issam Fares Institute (IFI) Social Justice and the City Publication on: « Refugees as City-Makers« 

English

باللغة العربية

 

 

Assaf Dahdah has contributed to the volume with a chapter entitled « The Experience of Labor Migration and Syrian Refugees’ Strategies in Lebanon »

Kamel Doraï and Pauline Piraud Fournet have contributed to the volume with a chapter entitled « From Tent to Makeshift Housing »

New publication – Critical Perspectives on Migration in the Twenty-First Century

Marianna Karakoulaki, Laura Southgate and Jakob Steiner, eds. (2018) Critical Perspectives on Migration in the Twenty-First Century, E-International Relations Publishing,

Thousands of people risk their lives daily by crossing borders in search of a better life. During 2015, over one million of these people arrived in Europe. Images of refugees in distress became headline news in what was considered to be the worst humanitarian crisis in Europe since 1945. This book provides a critical overview of recent migration flows and offers answers as to why people flee, what happens during their flight and investigates the various responses to mass migratory movements. Divided in two parts, the book addresses long-running academic, policy and domestic debates, drawing on case studies of migration in Europe, the Middle East and the Asia-Pacific. Coming from a variety of different fields, the contributors provide an interdisciplinary approach and open the discussion on the reasons why migration should be examined critically.

Kamel Doraï has contributed with a chapter entitled : Conflict and Migration in the Middle East: Syrian Refugees in Jordan and Lebanon.

Free pdf of the whole book can be downloaded here

The chapter is also available on HAL-SHS

Tables rondes à Fabrika – 5 et 6 juin 2018

Venue: Fabrika, Sassine street, Zahar Building (Achrafiyeh, Beirut)

June, 6 – Table ronde 2, Les réfugiés et leur société d’origine (6 to 8 pm)

Chair: Kamel Doraï

Intervenants

Jalal Al Husseini (Ifpo)

Géraldine Chatelard (Ifpo)

Agnès Favier (Middle East Directions – European University Institute)

 

 

La question des réfugiés est le plus souvent abordée du point de vue des États d’accueil, face à l’urgence humanitaire ou aux questions soulevées par leur présence. Les réponses apportées par les sociétés d’accueil sont au centre de l’attention de la plupart des analyses produites sur les migrations forcées en temps de crise. La question de la perception et du rôle des États et des sociétés de départ n’est généralement pensée qu’associée à celle du retour et des modalités de sa mise en œuvre. Pourtant, les réfugiés, malgré leur exil forcé continuent pour certains à entretenir des liens avec leur État d’origine, que ce soit des liens familiaux, économiques mais aussi politiques. Les réfugiés palestiniens ont longtemps été au centre de la construction nationale palestinienne post-1948, même si le processus d’Oslo est venu infléchir cette dynamique. Dans des conflits plus récents comme en Irak ou en Syrie, les États et les sociétés d’origine jouent un rôle souvent méconnu dans les dynamiques sociales et politiques des réfugiés. L’objectif de cette table ronde sera donc d’explorer la place qu’occupe les États et les sociétés de départ pour mieux saisir les réalités multiples des migrations forcées au Moyen-Orient à travers 3 expériences singulières, celles des Palestiniens, des Irakiens et des Syriens.

June, 5 – Roundtable 1, Architecture of displacement (6 to 8 pm)

Chair: Mona Fawaz (AUB)

Speakers

Ayham Dalal (T.U. Berlin)

Rand al Haj Hassan (Independent Architect, EHESS)

Pauline Piraud-Fournet (Ifpo)

Kamel Doraï (Ifpo)

 

While conflicts become protracted in the Middle East, the forms of settlement of refugees in host countries are changing over time. Thought as temporary, whether in camps, cities or villages, their settlement evolves over time. Housing represents a space of stability and recreation of a “normal” life. It appears to be central for refugees to rebuild their social and family life, while humanitarian conditions are prioritized by international organizations and NGOs. Refugee camps cannot be considered only as spaces where humanitarian action can be developed while awaiting return. Refugees are developing strategies to escape the constraints imposed by emergency and the rules imposed on humanitarian agencies. Refugees recreate a society in exile. Making home plays a central role in this process. It allows to build a space of family life and to develop new sociabilities. It is also the privileged place to create a private space. Observing the process of making home is a way of understanding from below the recomposition of a society forced into exile. Regardless of where refugees settle, whether in or outside the camps, refugees’ residential trajectories are often marked by precariousness and vulnerability. Humanitarian assistance in the camps mitigate some of the hazards faced by refugees but cannot guarantee their residential stability. The many limitations implemented to keep the camp temporary, such as the ban on the use of building materials, make the settlement very precarious and unsustainable on the long term. Outside the camps the economic conditions are very difficult and push refugees to move regularly due to rising rent prices or to find a job. Few guarantees are offered to refugees to secure their habitat, whether it is self-built or rented. Refugees’ experience of exile is marked by a high degree of precariousness that reinforces their sense of vulnerability and instability.